In order to implement the Central Document No. 1 and the spirit of the important directives of the central leaders, the meeting of the Standing Committee of the Ministry of Agriculture decided that the scientific fertilization work should be placed on an important agenda as an urgent task, and that it should be promoted throughout the country as the largest technology for science and technology home projects. At the same time, it is required to use soil testing and formula fertilization as one of the 15 practical issues for the farmers this year. This plan was formulated in accordance with the requirements of the "Opinions on Promoting Agricultural Science and Technology Household Registration Work" and the "Implementation Plan for 10 million Farmers Testing Soil Fertilization and Formulation Fertilization Extension".
First, the purpose and significance of implementing soil testing and formula fertilization
For a long time, blind fertilization and excessive fertilization in rural China have been widespread. This not only causes an increase in agricultural production costs, but also brings serious environmental pollution and threatens the quality and safety of agricultural products. In particular, winter and spring, fertilizer prices continue to rise and are still operating at high levels, directly affecting the production of spring crops and increasing farmers' income. To this end, the Ministry of Agriculture decided to conduct a spring practice of soil testing and formulated fertilization throughout the country. By adopting a series of measures, the work of soil testing and formula fertilization has been fully carried out, and the soil testing and fertilizer application technology has been vigorously promoted, and efforts have been made to increase the level of agricultural scientific fertilization.
The implementation of soil testing and formulated fertilization in spring is a concrete manifestation of practicing the important thinking of the "three represents," implementing the scientific concept of development, and safeguarding the vital interests of farmers; it is implementing the spirit of the No. 1 document of the Central Committee, improving the comprehensive agricultural production capacity, and promoting grain production. Major measures to increase production and increase farmers' income. Organizing the implementation of good soil testing and formula fertilization has important practical significance for improving grain yield per unit, reducing production costs, realizing stable grain production and increasing farmers' income this year; improving fertilizer utilization, reducing fertilizer waste, protecting agricultural ecological environment, and ensuring the quality of agricultural products. Security and the realization of sustainable agricultural development have far-reaching implications.
Second, carry out the guiding ideas and goals for soil testing and formulated fertilization in spring
Conscientiously implement the scientific concept of development and the spirit of the No. 1 document of the Central Government, and basing on the actual problems of current spring cultivation and fertilization, focus on key issues, and integrate strengths to help farmers master scientific fertilization methods and comprehensively popularize soil testing and formula fertilization technologies with the goal of being the most convenient. The most rapid methods and methods are to focus on training in soil testing and fertilization techniques, create a good atmosphere for scientific fertilization, popularize scientific fertilization knowledge, and promote the smooth development of spring plowing.
The main objectives of carrying out soil testing and formulated fertilization in spring are: Organize 100,000 technical personnel to go to villages to tour and guide, 50 million farmers to conduct scientific fertilization training, focus on 484 national grain project counties, and comprehensively across the country. Expanding, universal application of soil testing and fertilizer application technology in 200 million mu of cultivated land nationwide will be made to increase the efficiency of 20 yuan per mu. At the same time, through the adoption of solid and effective measures, we will gradually advance the work of soil testing and formulating fertilizers nationwide.
Third, carry out the main task of soil testing and formulating fertilization spring action
To carry out soil testing and formula fertilization in spring, we must break the rules, broaden our thinking, highlight key points, and do a good job in the following tasks.
(I) Extensive technical training. Focusing on rice, wheat, corn and soybean four major grain crops, highlight key contents such as rationally determining fertilization amount, selecting fertilizer varieties, grasping fertilization time and improving fertilization methods, and compiling training materials and propaganda wall charts, recording series of feature films, and taking special lectures. ,Technical audio and video data distribution, experts into the village, the field guidance and other forms, extensively carry out soil testing and fertilizer application techniques, fertilizer use methods as the main content of technical training. At the same time, the use of remote training networks, local radio and television and other rapid and convenient modernization methods, to transfer the knowledge of soil testing and formula fertilization to millions of households.
(b) Organize expert tour guides. Experts and technicians of scientific research, teaching, and promotion units were organized to set up a technical tour guide group to divide the work in groups, go deep into the grassroots, go deep into the fields, go deep into the farmers, and carry out on-site basis around the basic contents of soil testing, formulating, fertilizer distribution, fertilizer supply, and fertilization. Soil testing, plant nutrition diagnosis and technical training, at the same time for the farmers to open a crop fertilizer formula to solve the farmers in the production practice of fertilization with fertilizer problems.
(3) Do a good job in the special treatment of the fertilizer market. Focus on quality testing of compound fertilizers, formulated fertilizers, refined organic fertilizers, and microbial fertilizer products, and publicize quality sampling inspections to the public. Strengthen the supervision and management of fertilizer registration and conduct follow-up inspection on fertilizer products that have been approved for registration. Print and identify fake wall maps and related technical data, publicize and introduce the nature of various fertilizer products, nutrient characteristics, methods of use, fertilizer product packaging, labeling requirements and national policies, etc., to improve the ability of farmers to identify counterfeit fertilizers and rights protection awareness. Through the special treatment of the fertilizer market and the introduction of high-quality fertilizers, the farmers can use the fertilizer.
(4) Increase the propaganda of soil testing and formula fertilization. We must make full use of media at all levels such as television, radio, newspapers, magazines, and websites to closely focus on the important activities organized by the Ministry of Agriculture and the provincial, county, and county-level agricultural departments. We should widely publicize soil testing and formulating fertilization to increase grain production, increase farmers' income, and increase agricultural output. Effectiveness and role of ecological environmental protection. Summarize and exchange good experiences and good practices in conducting soil testing and formula fertilization around the world, expand the social impact of scientific fertilization, teach reasonable fertilization and common sense of true and false fertilizers, improve the scientific fertilization level of farmers, improve the service capacity of agricultural science and technology, and play the role of companies in measuring soil for farmers. The initiative and enthusiasm of the formula, and strive to create a good social atmosphere to promote the application of soil testing and formula fertilization.
(E) Strengthen the construction of agricultural technology extension system. Accelerate the pace of the reform of the agricultural technology promotion system, establish and improve institutions, stabilize the staff, strengthen public welfare functions, ensure the work funds, and provide system protection for soil testing and fertilizer application technology promotion. At the same time, it will continue to explore new mechanisms and methods for the promotion of agricultural technologies, strengthen the combination of technology and materials, chain distribution and other ancillary services, and promote the promotion of method innovation.
(6) Improve the basic facilities for soil testing and formulating fertilization. Actively promote the implementation of the "fertile soil project", and improve the soil analysis and laboratory equipment, field experiment basic conditions and facilities for fertilizer distribution services, and provide a powerful means to promote the application of soil testing and fertilization techniques. At the same time, in the construction of the standard grain grain field, the support for speed measurement equipment and fertilizer facilities will be further increased to increase the proportion of investment in the construction of testing and fertilizing infrastructure.
(7) Advance the standardization of soil testing and formula fertilization techniques. We will increase the standardization work of soil testing, formulate fertilization, and organize relevant experts to study and formulate relevant standards for soil nutrient testing, formula fertilization techniques and methods, and formulate technical regulations for soil testing and formula fertilization in crops and regions. Through the establishment of a sound standard system, regulate the operation of soil testing, formula, fertilizer and fertilization, and comprehensively improve the technical level of soil testing and fertilizer application.
IV. Main Arrangements for the Advancement of Soil Testing and Formulated Fertilization by the Ministry of Agriculture
(I) Organization of soil testing and fertilization techniques. The Department of Science and Technology Education and the Crop Management Division are responsible for coordination. The Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and the National Agricultural Technology Extension Service Center organize scientific research, teaching, and promotion experts, and form a team of 10 small teams to conduct soil testing and formulating in Henan, Hebei, Shanxi, and other provinces. It also conducted technical tour guidance and held a departure ceremony in Gaobeidian City, Hebei Province in mid-April.
(b) Conduct propaganda training. A column was opened in the Farmerâ€™s Daily, where experts explained the techniques and methods of soil testing and formula fertilization. At the same time, a color printing special edition was introduced to introduce soil testing and fertilizer application techniques. The National Agricultural Technology Extension Service Center and Agricultural Publishing House are responsible for printing 100,000 concise and intuitive soil testing and formula fertilization techniques propaganda wall charts, propagating and introducing soil testing and fertilizer application technologies and scientific fertilization knowledge. A series of lectures were given at the Central People's Broadcasting Station â€œGet Rich Morning Busâ€ program to teach scientific fertilization. The China Agricultural Film and Television Center produces and broadcasts the popular science program of soil testing and formula fertilization. China Rural Magazine, China Agricultural Information Network, and China Agricultural Mechanization Information Network respectively opened up a column to introduce soil testing and fertilizer application technologies, announced a batch of chemical fertilizers, introduced technical points and operating procedures.
(III) Held the 7th National Fertilizer Exchange Fair. The Crop Management Division and the National Agricultural Technology Extension Service Center held the 7th National Fertilizer Information Exchange and Product Trade Fair in Kunming, Yunnan from April 12 to April 14. With the theme of â€œapplying high-quality fertilizers, maintaining the balance of the agricultural products, and promoting the safety of agricultural productsâ€, we organized activities such as soil testing, formula fertilization, propaganda wall charts, formula fertilizers, soil and fertilizer quick-measuring instruments, high-quality product introductions, technical lectures, and media campaigns.
(d) Organizing a random inspection of the spring fertilizer market. The Department of Market and Economic Information, together with the Department of Crop Management, organized relevant fertilizer inspection agencies to carry out special control actions for spring fertilizer crackdowns, focusing on the quality sampling of compound fertilizers, formulated fertilizers, refined organic fertilizers and microbial fertilizer products, and sampling quality inspections. To the public. At the same time, the role of inspection and inspection agencies should be fully utilized to provide strong technical support for soil testing and formula fertilization.
(v) Organize the land reclamation system to carry out soil testing and fertilizer application. The Bureau of Land Reclamation organized key soil and key farms to do well in soil testing and fertilizer application. On this basis, in order to provide farmers with soil testing and fertilization technical service work around farms with good soil fertility technicians, soil testing instruments and equipment, and fertilization machinery and equipment, it is specifically determined by the provincial-level agricultural authorities and the competent department of agriculture and forestry. The farms and townships where soil testing and formula fertilization services work, and the county-level agricultural administrations coordinate the work of the farms and surrounding townships in the jurisdiction, sign service contracts, and provide soil testing and formulating fertilization services with quality and quantity.
Fifth, strengthen the work requirements of soil testing and formula fertilization
(I) Strengthen organization and leadership. The Ministry of Agriculture establishes a joint action system for soil testing and formulating fertilization in spring. It is responsible for researching and solving major problems in the spring operations, organizing and coordinating relevant issues in various places and units, and hearing reports on the actions taken by various localities and units in the spring. The joint meeting was chaired by Deputy Minister Yin Chengjie, Vice Minister Zhang Baowen and Vice Minister Fan Xiaojian, and was composed of the main officials of relevant departments and subordinate departments of the ministry. The joint meeting has an office under the leadership of the General Office, the Department of Science and Technology, and the Department of Crop Management. It is affiliated with the Crop Management Division and is responsible for formulating, organizing, coordinating, guiding, and supervising the entire operation.
Agricultural administrative departments at all levels must also set up special organizations to be responsible for the organization and development of spring action for soil testing and formulating fertilization within their own administrative areas. It is necessary to effectively strengthen organizational leadership, establish a work system, refine implementation plans, and implement target responsibility management to ensure that work is implemented.
(b) Increase the input effectively. Efforts will be made to raise funds, strive for special financial items, increase investment, and promote the application of soil testing and fertilizer application techniques. Agricultural administrative departments at all levels must actively strive for the support of governments at all levels and relevant departments, implement the funds for activities, and ensure the smooth development of spring tests for formula fertilization. At the same time, soil testing and formula fertilization should be regarded as a long-term, basic and important work in the future. Special funds should be set up, and constant efforts should be made to steadily introduce soil testing and fertilization.
(C) fully integrate the power. It is necessary to integrate the administrative, scientific research, teaching, and promotion departments of the central, provincial, prefecture, county, and township levels, establish a technical team, and be responsible for the preparation of technical materials such as training materials, propaganda wall charts, instruction manuals, and technical training and guidance. Fully mobilize all levels of testing equipment and training facilities to provide technical support and means for the promotion of soil testing and fertilizer application. Guide the fertilizer companies and business units to participate actively and do a good job in soil testing, formulating and fertilizing.
(d) Strengthen supervision and inspection. The joint conference office maintains coordination and communication with various localities and relevant units. Through on-line inquiries, telephone contacts, and on-site inspections, it conducts supervision and inspection of local spring operations, discovers problems in a timely manner, and studies countermeasures. The agricultural administrative departments of all localities must also fully perform their duties and intensify supervision and inspection. In particular, it is necessary to take full advantage of the vertical downward guidance and supervision functions of the S&T experts group, form an up-and-down interactive expert supervision and inspection mechanism, and implement the various tasks of the Spring Action to achieve practical results.
The whole soil testing and formula fertilization spring action started in early April and was implemented from mid-April to the end of May, and it was the summary inspection phase in early June. After the event was over, all localities should carefully summarize the spring operations for formula fertilization. Actively explore the working mechanism of effective ways to guide farmers in scientific fertilization, consolidate the results of spring soil testing and formula fertilization, and promote the application of scientific fertilization techniques.
Reprinted from: Guangxi Agriculture Network
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