What are the biological characteristics of Coprinus comatus?
The suitable temperature for mycelia formation is 22-26 degrees, and the suitable temperature for fruit body growth is 12-24 degrees. The germination period requires about 60% relative air humidity. The mushrooming period requires 85-90%. Coprinus comatus is a kind of aerobic fungus. The mushrooming stage requires that the air in the mushroom shed should be similar to that in the wild; the germination period requires no light, and the light intensity of the mushrooming period is six shades and four shades; the pH of the culture medium should be moderate, and the pH value should be 7-7.5; the coprinus comatus One of the prerequisites for the growth of fruiting bodies is that they must be covered with soil, and the covering soil stimulates mushrooming and moisturizing.
2. How to arrange the production season of Coprinus comatus?
According to the growth conditions of Coprinus comatus, our region can be divided into two batches each year for cultivation. The first batch was fed in February and the mushrooms in March and May; the second batch was fed in August and the mushrooms were harvested in September and November. It is also possible to implement anti-season cultivation, use the temperature-increasing equipment in the shed, feed materials in the late November, and harvest a batch of fresh mushrooms in the Spring Festival. According to the characteristics of Coprinus comatus not covering soil and not producing mushrooms, the batch and quantity of soil cover may be arranged according to market supply and demand.
3, how to choose Coprinus cultivation site?
The venues can be adapted to local conditions. The use of orchards, vegetable plots, and leisure fields can be used for scaffolding, as well as small outdoor sheds and winter greenhouses for the cultivation of Coprinus comatus.
4. How to deal with coprinus cultivation site?
Before 3-5 days of cultivation, the ground in the shed shall be cleaned and leveled, filled with water once, and sterilized with 5% formaldehyde solution at the same time. The amount shall be 4 kg for 100 m2, and the phoxim pesticide shall be sprayed and diluted 800 times. The amount of 100 square meters with 2 pounds.
5. What is the formula for Coprinus comatus cultivation materials?
Formulation 1: Pleurotus ostreatus or Flammulina velutipes 40% Corncob or wheat straw 40% Wheat bran 17% Cake fat 3% Urea 0.5% Superphosphate 0.5% Lime accounted for 3% of total feed Water ratio 1: 1.6
Formulation 2: corn cob 44% cotton seed hull 44% cake fat 2% wheat bran 9% urea 0.5% superphosphate 0.5% lime account for 3% of total material ratio 1:1.6
Formula 3: Cottonseed husk 82% Bran 10% Corncob 5% Lime 2% Gypsum 1%
6. How to make Coprinus comatus fermentation material heap?
The straw is cut into small pieces of 2â€“3 cm and the corn cob is crushed into soy beans. According to the recipe, the raw materials are weighed, and the ratio of water to water is 1:1.6. Add fresh water and mix well. Build a 0.8-1 meter high, 1 meter wide, unlimited length stockpiles. When the temperature is lower than 10 degrees, the heightening can be appropriately widened and covered with cover insulation. On the stockpile, a vent hole to the ground is added every 0.4m to avoid anaerobic fermentation.
7. How does the Coprinus comatus fermenter pile turn?
Observe that when the temperature of the material under 20 cm exceeds 60 degrees, the temperature is maintained for one day to complete the turning. The temperature is turned 3-5 times, each time the temperature reaches 60 degrees, and the stack is kept for 24 hours. The method of turning is â€œinternal and external phase shifting and up-down transpositionâ€ to ensure that all the culture materials have been fermented. The moisture loss of the base material should be checked each time the stack is turned over. In accordance with the climate conditions, it is generally possible to press 1:0.1 for each turnover. -1:0.2 ratio of water to water, about 5-10 days after completion of accumulation and fermentation. In autumn cultivation, the temperature is higher and insect pests are more. Adding 0.1-0.2% phoxim in the seasoning can effectively prevent invasion of pests.
8. What is the standard of composting of Coprinus comatus?
After the fermentation is completed, the stockpile can be spread and air-dried. The cultivar can be measured with a ph test paper and adjusted to a pH of 8.5 with dilute lime solution. Turn over the material temperature to below 30 degrees or the same temperature. The decomposed material center should have no white heart, no sour smell and dark brown color.
9, how to carry Coprinus comatus live-style cultivation?
Dig 0.2-meter deep, 1-1.5-meter-wide bacillary dysentery, apply 150 grams of lime powder per square meter after infiltration, sprinkle a layer of bacteria in the bottom of the loquat before loading, and use about the total amount For 20% of the seed amount, lay a layer of culture material and compact it so that the material is 10 cm thick. Spread a layer of bacteria on the surface of the material, accounting for 30% of the total seed amount, and then spread a layer of culture material. Slightly compacted, the total thickness of the material is 20 cm, and the remaining bacteria are sown on the surface of the material using the sowing method. Generally, the total seeding rate is 15-25% of the dry weight. After sowing is completed, the material surface shall be leveled and compacted, covered with 4-5 centimeters of soil treated with insecticide, sterilized, and adjusted for good pH, and sprayed with water. After the cover soil is wet, cover a thin film and insert a thermometer 10 cm below the material to check the material temperature.
10, how to carry Coprinus comatus bag cultivation?
The cultivation bag is 25-30 cm in width and 45 cm in length. The bagging inoculation operation is the same as that of the Pleurotus eryngii bag, and the three-layer material is used to connect the four-layer strain and the inoculation amount is 10-15%. After the inoculation, micropore bacteria were applied at the ends of the bag and around the strains using a pin hole. After the bag is full of bacteria, it is maintained for about 7 days for physiological transformation and the cultivation can be carried out. Operation method: digging the north-south direction of the ditch type ditch in the shed, and the same type of live type cultivation method; remove the plastic bag from the plastic film, or erect or lying horizontally in the larvae, with a spacing of 5 cm, and fill the treated soil with landfill. The thickness of about 3-5 cm, the maximum water holding capacity of water spraying to cover soil, that is, saturated but no water. The plastic film is left standing, and if conditions are suitable, the mycelium of coprinus comatus grows on the cover soil in about 7 days.
11, Coprinus Mushrooms Management Points What?
The relative humidity of the air in the shed is required to be 85-90%. If the temperature is too high, the fruiting body may be discolored or brown spots may occur. Too low to make the fruiting body roll over the scales prematurely; the temperature in the shed is maintained at 16-24 degrees to facilitate the fruiting body to produce the most, and the yield is the highest; the ventilation is 1-2 times per day, every 30-40 minutes; the mushroom pit is filled after the mushroom is harvested. Ping, picking mushrooms standard hand-pinching is not soft, no gaps, no scales roll, the smooth and white white part of the cap, you can harvest in time.
12. What needs to be noticed during the mushrooming period?
During the fruiting period, it is forbidden to spray water directly to the fruiting body and spray it only into the air; prohibit flooding irrigation; harvest it in time, and after harvesting, clean the mushroom foot and small dead mushroom, and fill the mushroom pit. To prevent the occurrence of chicken claw fungus: the application of formaldehyde, etc., is applied to the cover soil. After the mushroom is harvested, the bed surface is sorted out as soon as possible to reduce the breeding of bacteria.
13, prevention and treatment of Coprinus comatus
Characteristics: It is a kind of miscellaneous bacteria that is commonly called "chicken and mushroom mushroom" by the mushroom farmer in the production of Coprinus comatus. When the mushroom contaminated the mushroom bed, its mycelium is stout, rooted, and bundled and grown. Resilient, the fruiting body was light brown at the beginning, and the interior was white. After ripening, it became gray-brown to black.
The law of occurrence: Mushroom temperature above 25 degrees, spray or ventilation is easy to grow and spread the bacteria.
Control methods: Cover soil application 4-5% formaldehyde aqueous solution treatment; After the occurrence of the bacteria, immediately use the mixed oil to water its fruiting bodies and soil mycelium, make it shrink and then remove the fire, avoid direct direct hand to pull, so as not to spread .
14, Coprinus comatus walnut control
Features and Occurrence: The fungus, also known as pseudo-tuber, has a white mycelium, which occurs and spreads under conditions of high temperature, high humidity, and poor ventilation. The contaminated culture material is dark brown and rot.
Control methods: bed culture to prevent the culture material is too thick; cover soil before use 2% lime mix.
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