Breeding and management points of different pheasants at different stages

The purpose of breeding and managing pheasants is to cultivate a robust pod and produce more high quality eggs. According to the physiological changes and characteristics of the pheasant due to seasonal changes, the breeding and management of pheasants can be divided into the following four stages: breeding preparation period (from March to March); breeding period or production period (from 4 to 7) Month); moulting period (from August to October); wintering period (from October to January). 1 During the breeding season, the spring weather is warmer and the sunshine gradually increases. In order for the breeding pheasant to reach the breeding status as soon as possible and promote estrus, the feed must be full-priced compound feed. The protein level is slightly higher than the wintering period, adding a variety of vitamins and trace element additives, supplemented with juicy feed, such as radish, green onions, malt, etc., to enhance the male pheasant's constitution. However, it should be noted that thermal energy feeds should not be fed to prevent over-fertilization and delay the production of eggs or difficult labor. The focus of management work: First, prevent diseases. As the temperature rises, various microorganisms are prone to reproduction. Thorough cleanliness and disinfection and thorough spring immunity against chicken Newcastle disease are necessary to prevent the occurrence of infectious diseases. The second is to make preparations before laying eggs. To combine the immunization work, adjust the breeding pheasants to eliminate sick and weak pheasants. To fully inspect the poultry house and level the site, put a 5 to 10 cm thick sand on the surface of the net room for sand bathing and preventing eggs. At the same time, the pheasants must be treated at the end of the wintering period in order to prevent quail eggs. 2 During the breeding period, pheasants breed and lay eggs during the breeding period. This period needs to increase protein nutrition levels and pay attention to vitamin and mineral supplements. According to reports, proper vitamin C supplementation during the summer can help increase appetite and increase egg production. The female pheasant requires a lot of calcium during the egg laying period. If the calcium deficiency is the case, the eggshell becomes thin and easily damaged. Therefore, calcium should be taken care of, but it should be moderate. Otherwise, too much calcium will affect the absorption of other nutrients, but also make the eggshell surface roughness is not smooth and cause dystocia. Add 2.9% of shell powder or calcium powder to the compound feed to meet the needs. Feeding should be advanced in the morning, postponed in the evening, and increase the amount of feeding, allowing the chicken to feed. Because the climate is cool in the morning and in the evening, the pheasants eat well. At noon, the temperature is high, and the feed intake of pheasants is generally reduced. Some green stuff can be fed. Observe the eating conditions at any time every day. If the appetite is not good, the sudden drop in feed intake of the whole group may be a sign of the onset of disease. The cause should be promptly identified and appropriate measures taken. In the summer, it is necessary to provide clean drinking water at any time. The focus of management work is to promote the breeding performance of breeding pheasants. The following work should be done: to create a quiet egg production environment for pheasants, and the actions of catching chickens and collecting eggs should be stable and stable. Maintain the relative stability of the group during this period. Observe the behavior of laying eggs at any time and find out that it is difficult to deliver timely and midwifery. Diligent eggs should be chopped to reduce damaged eggs, to prevent licking and quail eggs, to keep the environment quiet, to place egg nests or nests, and often to remove hard objects such as stones and bricks in cages to reduce broken eggs. Egg shells and contents should be removed in time for damaged eggs so as to avoid forming egg tarts. If pheasants are found to have quail eggs, they can be used to induce pheasants to form conditioned reflexes that do not like quail eggs. To adjust feed, add 20% to 25% of animal feed in the diet and add trace element additives. This period should pay attention to the housing sanitation, after the rain to promptly remove water, keep the pens dry to prevent the occurrence of disease. 3 Moulting begins when the pheasant finishes laying eggs. In order to accelerate the moulting, the crude protein content in the feed can be reduced appropriately, but the supply of sulfur-containing amino acids must be guaranteed. Experience has shown that the addition of 1% gypsum powder to feed contributes to the regeneration of new feathers. After the end of laying eggs, diseased and weakly broiled chickens should be eliminated in time, as well as pheasants with declining reproduction performance or exceeding the age limit, and the remaining pheasants should be kept separately. 4 The characteristics of feeding and management in the wintering period are basically the same as the winter management of the pheasants in the breeding period, but it should be noted that the first is to adjust the breeding quail population, and the breeding population and breeding group , commodity defects and elimination groups. The second is to break down the pheasants. The third is to inoculate Newcastle disease virus I (intramuscular injection). The fourth is to do a good job of insulation. Insulation during wintering period is not only a requirement for the safe wintering of pheasants, but also conducive to the early opening and production of quail chickens in the spring. (Author: Chang Xi Unit: Zhangqiu Bureau of Animal Husbandry)

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